SOCIAL INCLUSION OF PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES IN BRAZIL AND IN CAPE VERDE – AFRICA
Palavras-chave:people with disabilities, social inclusion, world market, Cape Verde, Brazil
The present study investigates the perception of difficulties and possibilities of social inclusion of People with Disabilities in three of the ten islands of the archipelago of Cape Verde and in two towns of Brazil. It used both concepts the differentiation principles of Bourdieu and the stigma of Goffman to build the instrument of investigation. A questionnaire was applied to 121 People with Disabilities in the Brazilian towns and in 67 in Cape Verdean Islands. KMO's Index and Bartlett test of sphericity were used to analyze the appropriateness of factor analysis and the Cronbach's alpha assessed the degree of consistency of the scale. Four factors were considered in Brazil: barriers to citizenship; discrimination regarding work; self-esteem and knowledge of the rights. In Cape Verde three factors were considered: perception of the social relations; self-esteem and barriers to citizenship. Not only in Brazil but also in Cape Verde it was verified that with the increase of the family income, the instruction level of People with Disabilities increases and smaller are the difficulties regarding the barriers to citizenship.
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