Coping, executive functioning, inhibitory control and decision-making in a sample of depressed suicidal patients

Autores

  • Tiago Medeiros CESPU - Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde - Norte
  • Emanuela Lopes CHAA - Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave, EPE
  • Gerly Macedo CHAA- Centro Hospitalar do Alto Ave, EPE
  • Luis Monteiro CESPU - Instituto Superior de Ciências da Saúde - Norte

Palavras-chave:

Suicide, depression, executive functioning, decision-making, inhibitory control, coping

Resumo

Introduction: Suicidal behavior has been associated with several risk factors, including depression, maladaptive coping, and neuropsychological dysfunction. This study aimed to evaluate coping orientations, executive functioning, attentional capabilities and decision-making in depressed suicidal patients. 

Methods: Two groups were selected: 32 depressed patients with history of suicide attempt and 30 depressed patients without history of suicide attempt. The Beck Depression Inventory and the COPE Inventory scales were applied, as well as the following neuropsychological tests: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Stroop Test, and a modified Iowa Gambling Task. 

Results: The results indicate a higher level of dysfunction in the executive functioning, mental control, and decision-making domains, and lower levels of orientation to active and reflective coping strategies, humor, and positive signification in the suicidal group.

Conclusions: These results indicate that there are neuropsychological differences between depressed patients with and without history of suicide attempt, which may contribute significantly to the occurrence of suicidal behavior. However, the processes involved and the way they contribute to the phenomenon are aspects that still need further clarification.

 

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Publicado

2014-08-25

Como Citar

1.
Medeiros T, Lopes E, Macedo G, Monteiro L. Coping, executive functioning, inhibitory control and decision-making in a sample of depressed suicidal patients. Clin Biomed Res [Internet]. 25º de agosto de 2014 [citado 28º de junho de 2022];34(3). Disponível em: https://www.seer.ufrgs.br/index.php/hcpa/article/view/48425

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