BRAZILIAN INNOVATION TAX POLICY AND INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT: EVIDENCE FROM UNITED STATES MULTINATIONALS AND INTERNATIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS
Palavras-chave:Innovation Policy, International investment, Tax incentives
ResumoIn the last decades, multinational enterprises (MNEs) have increased
their internationalization levels of innovation activities. Brazil has benefited from
such changes and received increasing investment from MNEs. In 2005, the federal
government approved new tax incentives (Law 11,196/05) to foster business innovation
in the country by reducing the tax cost of research and development (R&D) activities.
This paper investigates whether these tax breaks have attracted ‘footloose R&D’,
diverting international investment from other economies. After a literature review
on locational factors for R&D attraction and an analysis of the Brazilian case, an
econometric model is presented, using data on R&D investment by U.S. MNEs and
priority patent applications. No evidence that Brazilian tax incentives have attracted
international R&D from alternative host countries is found. This result is in accordance
with previous research suggesting international R&D performed in Brazil is mainly
adaptive and support-oriented and, for this reason, tax incentives are not a primary
attraction factor. It also suggests that claims that international fiscal competition lead to
a zero-sum game may be unfounded for the Brazilian case.
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Colombo, D. G. e. (2019). BRAZILIAN INNOVATION TAX POLICY AND INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT: EVIDENCE FROM UNITED STATES MULTINATIONALS AND INTERNATIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS. Análise Econômica, 37(74). https://doi.org/10.22456/2176-5456.75570