Periapical surgery to remove granulomatous lesion: case report

Sidinéia Feitoza de Jesus, Yasmim Santos Meneses, Rafaela Cardoso de-Sá, Vanessa Valente Elias, Marcio Santos de Carvalho, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Francisco Wanderley Garcia de Paula e Silva, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto

Abstract


Periapical granuloma is a histological term that refers to the formation of a mass of granulomatous tissue around the apex of a tooth resulting from inflammation and necrosis of the pulp tissue. It consists of an infiltrate of inflammatory cells such as macrophages, plasmocytes and lymphocytes, as well as fibroblasts, collagen fibers and capillaries. Periapical surgery is an alternative for preserving the tooth in the oral cavity in cases where periapical inflammation is persistent even after treatment of root canals. The objective of this study was to report a clinical case in which the surgical technique was used to remove granulomatous lesions from a patient, female, with a history of recurrent periapical abscess without painful symptomatology in the region of the anterior 11,12 and 13 teeth. The histopathological exam demonstrated the presence of a granulomatous tissue with intense inflammatory infiltrate mixed, permeated with lymphocytes and high number of plasmocytes, confirming the diagnosis of periapical granuloma. The treatment was considered successful since the patient remained asymptomatic and there was incorporation of the inorganic bovine bone graft and initiation of bone neoformation in the periapical region.

Keywords


Chronic disease; Periapical granuloma; Granulation tissue

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.102764

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