Knowledge of parents and caregivers about healthy oral hygiene habits and diet in childhood

Adelaine Débora Teixeira, Iris Cury Azevedo Tury, Laura de Oliveira Milagres, João Paulo Santana da Silva, Flávia Almeida Ribeiro Scalioni, Renata Tolêdo Alves, Camila Faria Carrada

Abstract


Introduction: To ensure that instructions on oral health for children are administered assertively, you must know the level of knowledge about children’s oral health of parents/caregivers. Objective: Assess the knowledge of parents/ caregivers about healthy hygiene and diet habits in childhood. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study. A structured questionnaire was applied to parents/caregivers containing identification data and 10 questions for the theme. Descriptive analysis was performed on the data obtained. Results: It included a sample of 86 parents/caregivers of schoolchildren from two public schools in Minas Gerais. Most participants have already received information about the importance of oral health and healthy eating (93%) as well as agreeing that primary teeth should be brushed every day (91.9%). All participants found this information important for maintaining children’s oral health (100%). The amount of fluoride dentifrice less than half the length of the toothbrush bristles was recommended by 23.3% of the participants, 15.3% answered that dental floss should be used during children’s oral hygiene. A total of 40.7% believe that the child’s intake of sugary foods interferes with the development of caries. Conclusion: Although most of the participants have already received information about the importance of oral hygiene and healthy eating, and everyone thinks this information is important for maintaining the oral health of children, some questions on the subject are not yet known to most parents/caregivers.

Keywords


Oral health; Pediatric dentistry; Knowledge; Parents; Child

References


World Health Organization. Oral health. [acesso 2020 maio]. Disponível em: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health.

Firmino RT, Gomes MC, Vieira-Andrade RG, Martins CC, Paiva SM, Granville-Garcia AF. Case-control study examining the impact of oral health problems on the quality of life of the families of preschoolers. Braz Oral Res. 2016;30(1):e121.

Nora ÂD, da Silva Rodrigues C, de Oliveira Rocha R, Soares FZM, Minatel Braga M, Lenzi TL. Is caries associated with negative impact on oral health-related quality of life of pre-school children? a systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatr Dent. 2018;40(7):403-11.

Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. J Lancet. 2018;392:1789-858.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Divisão Nacional de Saúde Bucal. Projeto SB Brasil 2003: condições de saúde bucal da população brasileira. Brasília; 2010.

Kumar G, Dhillon JK, Vignesh R, Garg A. Knowledge, attitude, and practical behavior of parents regarding their child's oral health in New Delhi. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2019;37(1):3-7.

Santos YM, Ramos-Jorge ML, Paiva SM, Ferreira MC. Avaliação do conhecimento e prática dos pais quanto a saúde bucal dos filhos de 3 a 9 anos de idade: um estudo piloto. Arq Bras Odontol. 2011;47(4):219-29.

Figueira TR, Leite ICG. Conhecimentos e práticas de pais quanto à saúde bucal e suas influências sobre os cuidados dispensados aos filhos. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr. 2008;8(1):87-92.

Oliveira WF, Forte FDS. Construindo o significado da saúde bucal a partir de experiência com mães. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr. 2011;11(2):183-91.

Castilho ARF, Mialhe FL, Barbosa TS, Puppin-Rontani RM. Influence of family environment on children’s oral health: a systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J.). 2013;89(2):116-23.

Mishra A, Pandey RK, Chopra H, Arora V. Oral health awareness in school-going children and its significance to parent's education level. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2018;36(2):120-4.

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Ministério da Educação. Caderno do gestor do Programa de Saúde Escolar. Brasília; 2015.

Cochran WG. Sampling techniques. 2nd Ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons; 1963.

Garbin CAS, Soares GB, Martin IM, Garbin AJI, Arcieri RM. Oral health in school: assessment of parental knowledge and oral health condition of children. RFO UPF. 2016;21(1):81-9.

Martins CLC, Jetelina JC. Conhecimento dos pais sobre saúde bucal na infância e relação com o motivo da consulta odontológica. J Oral Invest. 2016;5(1):27-33.

Garbin CAS, Soares GB, Dócusse FRM, Garbin AJI, Arcieri RM. Oral health education in school: parents’ attitudes and prevalence of caries in children. Rev Odontol UNESP. 2015;44(5):285-91.

Gurunathan D, Moses J, Arunachalam SK. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers regarding oral hygiene of primary school children in chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2018;11(4):338-43.

Fejerskov O. Changing paradigms in concepts on dental caries: consequences for oral health care. Caries Res. 2004;8(3):182-91.

Tenuta LM, Chedid SJ, Cury JA. Uso de fluoretos em odontopediatria: mitos e evidências. In: Maia LC, Primo LG. Odontopediatria clínica integral. São Paulo: ed.Santos; 2011.

Macabira DSC. Conhecimento de pais/cuidadores sobre saúde bucal na infância. Saúde e Pesqui. 2017;10(3):463-72.

Waerhaug J. Effect of toothbrushing on subgengival plaque formation. J Period Jan. 1981;52(1):30-4.

Wright GZ, Banting DW, Feasby WH. Effect of interdental flossing in the incidence of proximal caries in children. J Dent Res. 1977;56(6):574-8.

França-Pinto CC, Cenci MS, Azevedo MS, Romano AR. Cárie Proximal em dentes decíduos posteriores: diagnóstico e fatores associados. Pesq Bras Odontoped Clin Integr. 2011;11(3):387-92.

Tomita NE, Nadanovsky P, Vieira ALF, Lopes ES. Preferências por alimentos doces e cárie dentária em pré-escolares. Rev Saúde Pública. 1999;33(6):542-46.

Medeiros LF. Porque crianças com menos de 5 anos ainda tem cárie no Brasil. In: Anais do 25º Congresso Bra¬sileiro de Odontopediatria; 2015; Porto de Galinhas- PE. Relatório de Simpósio. 2017 [acesso 2017 maio 28]. Disponível em: http://abodontopediatria.org.br/site/wp-content/ uploads/2015/09/relat%c3%93rio-simp%c3%93sio -porque-crian%c3%87as-com-menos-de-5-anos-ainda-tem-c%c3%81rie-no-brasil-25%c2%ba-cbo-porto-de-galinhas-2015.pdf.

BRASIL. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Atenção à Saúde Departamento de Atenção Básica. Saúde da criança: crescimento e desenvolvimento. Brasília; 2012. (Cadernos de Atenção Básica; 33).

Castro CO, Oliveira KS, Carvalho RB, Garbin CAS, Bueno RN. Programas de educação e prevenção em saúde bucal nas escolas: analise critica de publicações nacionais. Odonto Clin-Cient. 2012;11(1):52-6.

Pauleto ARC, Pereira MLT, Cyrino EG. Oral health: a critical review about educative programmes for students. Ciênc. saúde coletiva. 2004;9(1):121-30.

Firmino RT, Ferreira FM, Martins CC, Granville-Garcia AF, Fraiz FC, Paiva SM. Is parental oral health literacy a predictor of children's oral health outcomes? Systematic review of the literature. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2018;28(5): 459–71.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.101940

Licença Creative Commons

e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854.

descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da foto descrição da fotodescrição da foto