Evaluation and management of anxiety and dental fear: psychology in the formation of the dentist

Guilherme Borsato Gomes, Cecília Luiz Pereira Stabile, Vanessa Santiago Ximenes

Abstract


Dental fear and anxiety arise from several factors, among them, exposure to previous traumatic experiences with needles, injections and instruments that can cause discomfort. Anxious patients tend to reschedule appointments, avoid treatments and are only available for visits at the dentist when painful symptoms appear, so delayed treatment tends to be more invasive and cause even more emotional damage to the patient, consequently aggravate this feeling and, in turn, create a vicious cycle in which avoiding treatment only makes the oral health condition even worse. It is up to professionals of Dentistry to identify anxiety in patients and make use of resources to manage this anxiety in order to enable an effective dental treatment with less emotional damage to the patient. The aim of this study is to evaluate, by means of a integrative literature review, the importance of the study of Psychology by the dental professional and to expose the techniques for coping with dental anxiety, based on scientific evidences.

Keywords


Dentistry; Psychology; Dental care; Anxiety. Handling; psychological

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.101020

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e-ISSN 2177-0018 / ISSN 0566-1854.

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