Orofacial manifestations associated with different types of anemia

Alessandra Laís Pinho Valente Pires, Deivson Henrique dos Santos, Deivid Rodrigues Nascimento, José Carlos Costa dos Santos Júnior, Marília de Matos Amorim, Cristiane Brandão Santos Almeida, Marcela Beatriz Moreira Aguiar

Abstract


Introduction: Anemias correspond to hematological disorders that can present in the oral cavity and face. Objective: To review the literature on the main types of anemic disorders and their orofacial manifestations, considering the aspects of interest to dentists. Methodology: This is a literature review, in which articles were selected in Portuguese and English, indexed in the Scielo, Medline/Pubmed and Lilacs databases with the descriptors: Anemia, Oral Manifestations, Jaw Abnormalities and their correspondents in Portuguese language. Literature review: Anemic disorders associated with orofacial signs and symptoms include mainly Iron-Deficiency, Megaloblastic, Fanconis, Sickle Cell, Thalassemia and Aplastic Anemia. The manifestations vary from burning and painful symptoms in the tongue, pallor of lips and mucosa, stomatitis, atrophic glossitis, angular cheilitis, susceptibility to candidiasis and peri-odontal disease. Also, dental changes, hyposalivation, malocclusion, osteomyelitis of the jaw, paraesthesia of the mental nerve and orofacial pain are included. Conclusion: These manifestations can be the first signs of the presence of anemia, which gives the dentist an important role in early diagnosis and proper management of dental treatment.

Keywords


Anemia; Oral manifestations; Jaw abnormalitie

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22456/2177-0018.100624

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